Cancer is a serious disease. It affects different organs of the body. The name of the different forms of cancer depends on the body organs that get affected by it. Some examples are cancers of the brain, colon, lung, skin, etc.
Skin cancer is very common form of cancer and is spreading at an alarming rate.
Most often, people relate skin cancer with the exposure to the harmful UV rays of the sun. This belief is true in case of some kinds of skin cancer. It is important to know about the different types of skin cancer so as to be aware of them.
Awareness can help in taking measures to prevent the occurrence of the different kinds of cancers. The types of skin cancer are discussed hereunder.
Mainly there are 3 types of skin cancer: Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma skin cancer. These three types have been discussed below.
Basal cell Carcinoma – This is the most widespread type of skin cancer. The good thing about the basal cell carcinoma is that it grows very slowly and unlike other types of skin cancer, it spreads slowly. Basal cell carcinoma is treatable but the treatment should be started immediately after it has been diagnosed. Almost 75% of the skin cancers that are treated are the basal cell carcinoma.
Most physicians believe that basal cell skin cancer is caused primarily due to the excessive exposure to the sun. It is chiefly found on the body parts that are exposed to the sun like face, neck, upper torso, ears, scalp, etc. This type of skin cancer usually starts with a shiny bump that may turn into a sore. In general, basal cell carcinoma is brown or flesh-colored.
Squamous Cell carcinoma – This type of skin cancer occurs chiefly on the ears, face, lip, mouth or neck. It appears as a firm nodule and in certain cases, it occurs as an even scaly or crusty lesion. Squamous cell carcinoma can be treated just like the basal cell carcinoma. But if it is not treated timely, it can spread fast to other body parts.
Melanoma – It is considered the most dangerous kind of skin cancer. Although it can occur on any body part, it commonly occurs on the legs, arms and the trunk. If it is detected in its early stage, it can be treated to a great extent.