Rosacea is a very frequent skin disorder affecting many people throughout the world. It is at times also called Acne Rosacea or Adult Acne. It is typically a benign cosmetic condition, until and unless it affects the eyes. It is most commonly found in people with light or fair skin. It is more frequently found in men and women between 30-50 years of age.
The most common symptom include redness on the forehead, nose, cheeks, chin, at times red or pink patches are also seen affecting the chest, neck, ears, and scalp. The other symptoms are pink or irritated eyes, visible broken blood vessels, red cysts, small red bumps, tiny pimples, and a red lobulated nose. The signs tend to go and come. Generally Rosacea lasts for years, and, if left untreated, it tends to worsen day by day.
Types of Rosacea
The major types of Rosacea are Acne Rosacea, Rhinophyma Rosacea, Phymatous Rosacea, Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea, Papulopustular Rosacea, and Ocular Rosacea.
The accurate cause is still unknown. Some of the likely believed causes include genetic factors, sun exposure, humidity, cold weather, emotional stress, spicy foods, heated beverages, alcohol consumption, certain fruits and vegetables, marinated meats, dairy products, hot baths, hot weather, certain skin-care products, gastrointestinal disease, Demodex folliculorum (a mite occasionally found in hair follicles), Helicobacter pylori (a bacteria associated with stomach ulcers), and certain medicines that widen blood vessels.
Until now no such medication is there which can cure Rosacea, but it can be controlled with proper and regular treatments. Some types of rosacea can be cleared using intense pulse light, laser, photodynamic therapy, photo rejuvenation, or isotretinoin, topical creams like metronidazole, Azelaic acid, Sodium sulfacetamide, clindamycin, and erythromycin, antibacterial washes, and antibiotic pills like tetracycline, amoxicillin, minocycline, and doxycycline. Glycolic-acid peels may also help to control rosacea. Gentle skin cleaners like Cetaphil can be used for cleaning the affected areas. It is recommended to visit a physician for the proper treatment and evaluation of rosacea.
Things to Avoid
Avoid spicy foods, smoking, alcohol, hot drinks, exposure to extreme cold and hot temperatures and sunlight as much as possible.